In the 1970s, when the world was going through a crude oil crisis, America tasked its scientists with developing alternative fuels. The world already knew that biomass, the organic remains of animals or plants, can be turned into biofuel.

The problem, however, was that we didn’t have enough land to grow crops that could be converted into biomass. As a result, scientists turned to the oceans for a solution, noting that algae could be an excellent substitute.

But the problem with…

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